ANSI/ASA S1.20-2012


American National Standard Procedures for Calibration of Underwater Electroacoustic TransducersAmerican National Standards of the Acoustical Society of America / 17-Feb-2012 / 64 pages

This standard establishes measurement procedures for calibrating underwater electroacoustic transducers. It is a revision of American National Standard S1.20-1988 (R2003). Both primary and secondary calibration procedures are specified for frequencies from a few hertz to a few megahertz. Procedures are specified for determining the measurable characteristics of free-field receive voltage sensitivity, transmitting response, directional response, voltage coupling loss, impedance, and equivalent noise pressure. Measurement uncertainty analysis is introduced for these measurement types, with identification of common error sources. Equations are given for the following derived characteristics: beam pattern, directivity factor and index, equivalent two-way beam width, acoustic power output and level, electrical power input, transmitting efficiency, open-circuit effective bandwidth, and quality factor. Annexes have been included to address: A) free-field calibration in a laboratory tank, B) medium correction factors, C) measurement of sensitivity and response infrasonic and low audio-frequency range, D) phase of free-field voltage sensitivity via reciprocity method, E) nonlinear effects including cavitation, and F) standard-target method for calibrating active sonars.

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